Top 6 Most Eco Friendly Pesticide on a Farm Near YOU!

There is nothing more rewarding than bringing in a basket of freshly picked vegetables from your own home garden, which is why it can be a huge disappointment when you come into your garden to find it infected with pests. 

Picking the right pesticide can be just as challenging as ridding yourself of those pests, so we have found the top 6 most eco friendly pesticide to help you rid yourself and your garden of these pesky pests. 

These top 6 most eco friendly pesticide or solutions will help keep your garden's natural ecosystem healthy without causing damage to the environment.

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What Are The Top 6 Most Eco Friendly Pesticide?

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Microbial Insecticides

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This kind of insecticide is designed to target specific pests and do no harm to beneficial insects that help support a strong ecosystem in your garden. In addition, they are nontoxic to humans and mammals so you, your loved ones, and your four-legged friends will not get ill from the use of these pesticides.

The most popular choice is the bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). This microbe targets worm larvae such as hornworms, cabbage coopers, and cutworms. Furthermore, the microbe paralyzes the digestive system of the larvae causing them to stop eating and starve to death in a few days.

Diatomaceous Earth

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This natural substance comes from the sediment created by fossilized algae. The material works not by poisoning but by using microscopic, sharp projections that cut the cuticles of the insects, releasing vital fluids, eventually causing dehydration and death.

Soft-bodied pests are susceptible to this pesticide. This is great for targeting aphids, thrips, whiteflies, caterpillars, root maggots, slugs, and snails.

However, this is a non-selective pesticide and may cause harm to beneficial insects. It is best applied to moist foliage and will need to be reapplied after it rains.

Be sure to use a mask during application and make sure you use the “natural-grade” to ensure that there are no added harmful chemicals.

Neem Oil

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This is a natural, biodegradable, and broad-spectrum pesticide. It acts both as a poison and a repellent. In addition, it is a hormone disruptor and antifeedant. Also, it will disrupt the cycles of certain insects and cause others to cease eating.

When applied to the soil, it is then absorbed by the plants and can be found in the leaves of the plant acting as a further deterrent for hungry pests. Neem oil is only toxic when ingested and nearly non-toxic to mammals. It breaks down quickly but can be used only when necessary.

Pesticidal Soaps

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Soap-based pesticides utilize salts and fatty acids to target soft-bodied pests such as aphids, whiteflies, mealy bugs, earwigs, and thrips. They cause a breakdown in the cell membrane causing dehydration and starvation.

These can be phytotoxic to certain plants so it is best to apply to a small area and see the effect before applying to a broader area. Also, these are non-toxic to humans and mammals but can harm beneficial insects so it is best to use sparingly.

Pesticidal Oils

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Oil-based pesticides target pests by coating them in oil and causing suffocation. These are best used when targeting aphids, scales, spider mites, mealy bugs, and psylla. Note, this pesticide is non-selective and may also affect beneficial insects.

When using this pesticide it is important to read the instructions because it can cause leaf damage. Thus, upon first use, apply to a small area, wait overnight, and check for damage before applying to a larger area.

DIY Pesticide Sprays

In addition to the store-bought pesticides mentioned above, some of the most eco-friendly pesticides you can use are the ones you make yourself. 

Below are three different home-made options that you can use to help fortify your garden against those invading pests. Note, most of these act as a repellent and not a pesticide. Pesticides are designed to kill pests while repellents keep them away.

GARLIC SPRAY

  1. 1
    Puree 2 whole bulbs (not cloves) of garlic in a blender or food processor with a small amount of water.
  2. 2
    Then, add 1 quart of water and let it soak overnight. Strain the mixture into a one-quart jar, removing the garlic bits
  3. 3
    Add ½ cup of vegetable oil (optional), 1 teaspoon of mild liquid soap, and then add water to fill the jar.
  4. 4
    Use 1 cup of this mixture with 1 quart of water as a spray

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CHILE PEPPER SPRAY

  1. 1
    Similar to the garlic spray, this spray can be made from fresh chile peppers or chili powder. 
  2. 2
    Using fresh peppers, blend or puree a ½ cup of peppers and 1 cup of water.
  3. 3
    Add the puree to 1 quart of water and bring to a boil, let it cool, then strain the particles out of the liquid.
  4. 4
    Next, add several drops of liquid soap and use as a spray. Using chile powder, mix 1 tablespoon of powder, 1 quart of water, and several drops of liquid soap.
  5. 5
    Spray as desired.

ALL-IN-ONE HOMEMADE SPRAY

  1. 1
    Puree 1 bulb of garlic, 1 small onion, 1 teaspoon of cayenne powder, and let steep for one hour in 1 quart of water.
  2. 2
    Strain the mixture and add 1 tablespoon of liquid soap.
  3. 3
    Mix well. Spray on the topside and underside of the leaves.
  4. 4
    You can store it in the fridge for up to one week.

What Makes a Product Eco Friendly?

For a product to be eco friendly, it must cause minimal damaging effects on the environment when used. The above list of the top 6 most eco friendly pesticide aims to do just that.

The goal of these remedies is to target pests while minimizing the damage to your garden's ecosystem and the environment. When used appropriately, you will have a healthy garden producing delicious food and a healthy environment.

Will I Notice a Difference in the Effectiveness of These Pesticides?

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As any home gardener knows, patience is a vital part of having a healthy garden. Most of these pesticides are slow acting and some are more effective than others. The best strategy is: make, use, observe, and modify.

Make and use your desired pesticide, observe the effects, and make modifications as you go. This will be the most effective strategy for using the most eco friendly pesticides.

Conclusion

These are just the top 6 most eco friendly pesticide available but there are many more. Some others include milky spore (microbe), nicotine, pyrethrum, and iron phosphate.

Choosing which one to use can be challenging, but remember, you want to create a strong and healthy ecosystem. That means you are not just worried about which pests to target but are also being mindful of how the works best you use target the rest of what is in your garden.

You want to consider the plants, beneficial insects, fungi, microbes, and soil. They all work in conjunction to help create that basket full of veggies you get to bring to the dinner table.

Your best option for creating that is to take a balanced approach by trying one of the top 6 most eco friendly pesticide to see which one works best for your garden and pest problem.

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Bailey Longhurst
 

I am amazed every day by the beauty that this world provides for us and think it is important to preserve it! Taking care of ourselves and our earth is crucial and I want to help people discover new ways to do both. Publishing for Green and Growing is a unique way that I can get my message across, and I hope you all enjoy what we write about!

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