23 Interesting Facts About Hurricanes
In the last few months, the United States has faced some of the most dangerous and catastrophic hurricanes. After Hurricane Irma swept away everything in its pathway, from houses to cars, forecasters estimate Hurricane Maria is more dangerous. Therefore, anyone could use some facts about hurricanes to learn how to protect themselves from danger.
Hurricanes are known as some of the most dangerous and deadly storms that could affect humans. After researchers have learned enough about these storms, they managed to forecast them with greater accuracy as technology advanced. Furthermore, their weather models increased warning time for those being in the path of the storm to evacuate their houses.
NASA indicates that tropical cyclones are powered by moist, warm air. Therefore, they form near the equator, over the warm waters of the ocean. Usually, the moist air over an ocean tends to rise from the surface. Therefore, above the ocean remains only a small quantity of air. Hence, we can also say that the warm air rises, determining an area of decreased air pressure below.
Furthermore, the air with higher air pressure coming from surrounding areas pushes the low-pressure area. Next, the ‘new’ layer of air becomes moist and warm, rising again. When the warm air rises, it will eventually cool off, and the water in the air will help form clouds. The system of wind and clouds starts spinning and growing. In what follows, we will find out some facts about hurricanes that it will blow your mind.
Facts about hurricanes
- Hurricanes that form in the Pacific Ocean are called typhoons. On the other hand, those which form in the Indian Ocean are known as cyclones. In the northern Indian Ocean, the same storms are called cyclones. Furthermore, Australians have a different name for hurricanes, namely willy-willies.
- The center of the hurricane can measure 20 miles across. However, the in the ‘eye’ of the storm the weather may be incredibly calm, with clear skies and low winds.
- The best way to protect from hurricanes is to offer accurate forecast to announce people of the upcoming weather event in order to clear its path.
- In August 2005, a coastline hurricane determined landfall, becoming a Category 5 storm. It was called Hurricane Katrina and affected Louisiana. The damages cost was of $91 billion.
- Back in 1943, in the middle of World War II, it was the first time when someone flew into a hurricane.
- The United States Weather Bureau considers a hurricane any wind that blows as fast as 74 miles per hour. Hurricanes receive a name to help researchers identify and trace them as they continue to move. Scientists used English, Spanish and French names for the Atlantic Ocean hurricanes.
- Studies have indicated that slow-moving hurricanes may produce more rainfall, triggering more damage due to flooding compared to powerful hurricanes.
- Researchers developed a system in which the first hurricane that occurs first in the year will have a name starting with the letter ‘A’.
- Generally, specialists issue hurricane warnings in advance, and the evacuation orders may be available for long stretches of coastline.
- The strong winds, heavy waves, and heavy rain are known as the storm surge. Therefore, storm surges pose a great threat, being the primary reason why people should stay away from the ocean during the hurricane warning.
Hurricanes can destroy whole communities
- On September 8th, 1900 researchers registered the deadliest hurricane in America that hit Texas. Approximately 8,000 people died when the island was completely destroyed.
- The National Hurricane Center issues hurricane warnings for storms that may trigger landfall within 24 hours, and hurricane watches for storms that may affect whole communities.
- A hurricane can measure hundreds of miles across. It can be compared with a big engine, where its winds act just like a vent, absorbing the rising warm air away from the dangerous storm.
- Scientists prepare an alphabetical list of names every year for the upcoming hurricanes.
- Another terrifying thing is that hurricanes may produce tornadoes. Even though they may not be as strong as regular tornadoes, they can do a lot of damage in just a few minutes.
- Scientists estimate that hurricanes’ diameter may vary from 400 to 500 miles.
- Scientists establish that a hurricane may release the energy of ten atomic bombs per second.
The powerful winds can sweep away cars and houses
- The most dangerous fact is that a hurricane is able to dispose from six inches to a foot of rain over a region.
- Experts explain that the heaviest rains and violent winds usually occur in the eyewall. The eyewall represents the ring of clouds towards which the thunderstorms approach. Due to the low intensity of the atmospheric pressure in the eye, the water tends to rise there, forming a mound.
- The difference between a hurricane and a tropical storm relies on wind speed. Usually, tropical storms feature winds of 36-46 miles an hour. On the other hand, hurricanes trigger more powerful winds, which surpass 74 miles an hour.
- The water that rises during a storm contributes to the storm intensity when it will hit the land. However, most of the storm’s surge derives from the winds that push the seawater ahead of the storm. Hence, this triggers a dangerous ocean level increase.
- Hurricanes usually occur in late summer or early fall since they need moist, warm air to form. For instance, the hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean starts from mid-August and ends in late October. The average amount is of 5 to 6 hurricanes per year.
- Generally, hurricanes are more common in the Pacific Ocean since the western Pacific is the most active. Previous studies indicate that there were years when Philippines experience over 20 typhoons and tropical storms.
All these facts about hurricanes may help people realize the importance of keeping themselves and their families safe. They should get out of the way of a powerful hurricane as soon as authorities issue the hurricane warning. These dangerous storms may cause hundreds of deaths and deter thousands of houses.
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