The Arctic Offers Clues on How To Survive Climate Change
Scientists have developed a new study which reveals new evidence about how to survive climate change, being buried in the Arctic. About 20,000 years ago, woolly mammoths roamed around the Bering Land Bridge. Nowadays, this land is completely covered in green grass. However, specialists have discovered some white objects on the ground.
Owen Manson, an archaeologist, was able to reveal what the white and bright objects were. A giant bone of the size of a German Shepard was a whale shoulder blade. When they have closely analyzed the ground, scientists have spotted even more artifacts. They have even discovered a knife used by our distant relatives who used to live in caves. The knife is a flat piece of stone, very effective when cutting animal flesh. They have estimated that the knife is at least 300 years old.
Archaeologists discovered how to survive climate change
What was even more striking for researchers was that they had found remnants of ancient cooking oil and a fragment of ceramic. Therefore, they have revealed that underneath the tundra there is an ancient seaside neighborhood. It must have been preserved there for thousand of years due to the frozen soil.
After a closer look and some digging, specialists have revealed that the grass was hiding over 50 to 60 houses. Mason argues that this is only on a single ridge alone. These remnants help us understand how ancient people managed to survive climate change. Those houses hold numerous proofs that ancient populations who left there also had troubles with climate change.
Scientists started excavating one of the houses, revealing a thousand-year-old log cabin. Claire Alix is an archaeologist from the University of Pantheon-Sorbonne and the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and she is also leading the excavation. She argues that ancient people took a lot of time to create this intricate house. The house was a seaside cottage, having at least three rooms, including a kitchen.
The house appears to have been developed on several levels, developed to keep the house warm during the cold season. The walls and floors were built using tree trunks. This team of researchers is so amazed about this home and how it was developed that they hope to recover over a thousand artifacts from the house, like clothes, bones, fur, arrowheads, and pottery.
Ancient people in the Arctic experienced climate change
Lauren Norman is another archaeologist who is part of the team at Bering Land Bridge. She has found a small piece of leather clothing at the site. As they have collected more and more artifacts from that house, scientists have realized that those ancient people seem to have led similar lives with ours today. The used to wear leather clothes, they followed a strict gluten-free diet, and they are likely to have had dogs. They used to feed on birds, fish, caribou, and seal and they cooked bone broth.
Norman argues that back then people boiled animal bones to obtain grease out of them. They either ate that grease or they used it to make soup. Owen Mason claims that there is something else that proves that those people were similar to us today. They had experienced big changes when it comes to climate. However, scientists do not have an explanation for climate change that might have occurred back then.
They estimate that some potential causes could include shifts in energy output from the sun or volcanoes’ eruption. Something has empowered the world climate to change a thousand years ago. Some areas of the world, such as Europe, got warmer. Mason indicates that back then the vineyards spread all over Britain as well.
On the other hand, other parts of the world, like the Arctic and the Middle East, grew colder. Mason suggests that that was the time when the expansion of the glaciers had started. Furthermore, weather patterns triggered massive storms. Mason calls that period a “climate chaos”. Archaeologists indicate that the family who had lived in the house they have discovered was forced to find new ways to adapt.
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More tools to overcome climate change
Mason also indicates that climate change back then helped them adapt to new dietary habits. They had to learn how to capture birds to eat. They used bola, a weapon consisting of heavyweights tied on the end of a string. This weapon helped them get down birds in mid-flight. Even if it may sound simple, this method of hunting helped them survive. The family was able to supplement their diet with birds when the rest of their food sources had disappeared due to climate change.
The archaeologist Mason says that the device was mostly used during this time of climate change. Furthermore, scientists have also unearthed another ancient tool people used during climate change periods. The tool is known as wound pins. The device consists of a small nail developed to plug up the wounds on a freshly-killed animal. The point of the tool is to seal the wounded animal back in order to retain the blood inside when carrying it to the camp.
If the blood remained inside, it kept some valuable nutrients inside. Living in the Arctic during harsh periods of time helped people adapt and turn into some technologists. They had to prepare at all times, developing a gadget for everything. Therefore, when climate change had threatened their food supply, they needed to find a solution.
Mason argues that climate challenges determined ancient people adapt, improvise and innovate. Hence, when the environment is quickly changing, people can survive by developing new mechanisms and tools for hunting different animals than those they were used to hunt. After all these discoveries there, scientists thought whether this type of judgment can also help us survive climate change.
If you were to think about it, we could not survive climate change through innovation since technology and advancement brought us here in the first place. However, some think that technology may also be the key that can get us rid of the climate change problem. Bill Gates, for instance, believes that “innovation is key to doing both”.