33 Interesting Facts About Water to Break the Ice

Water is an indispensable component in our lives. Evidently, without water, we would not be able to survive. And while it’s plentiful and flows freely from our taps, it’s important to remember that water is a finite source. Yet, there are still instances of water pollution that is ultimately hurting us and our environment.

On the other hand, water scarcity is a daily struggle in many parts of the globe. In developing countries, gaining access to fresh water means walking for many miles to get to it. The women and children who are tasked with fetching water also have to carry gallons of it on their backs. This has a significant impact on their health since 25% of the day is dedicated to this task. Compared with the most of us who have direct access to it with no effort on our part.

The UN’s General Assembly recognized the vital importance of water. In 1993, they designated March 22nd as the first World Water Day. The fact that this incredible substance sustains so much biodiversity on our planet is enough to celebrate it every day. So, in this article, we’re going to look at some interesting facts about water that highlight just how incredibly valuable this resource is.

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Interesting Facts About Water

  • The average human body is made of roughly 70% water. Newborn infants hold even more water, at about 80%.
  • A healthy person can drink up to 3 gallons of water per day. This means about 48 cups of water.
  • There is such thing as water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when one drinks too much water too quickly, most likely after an intense athletic performance. Too much water will dilute the sodium level in the bloodstream which leads to an imbalance in the brain.
  • Water can dissolve more substances than any other liquid because of the chemicals, nutrients, and minerals that it contains. Water is able to dissolve more than sulfuric acid.
  • The Earth’s surface is a little over 70% covered with water. This amounts to 326 million cubic miles.
  • However, of all the water on the planet, humans use only three-tenths of a percent. This is because fresh water can only be found underground, in rivers and lakes.
  • 68,7% of global fresh water is trapped in glaciers and 30% in the ground.
  • Because Earth is a closed system, we still have the same water that existed on Earth millions of years ago.
  • When we feel thirsty, it is because we lost over 1% of our total amount of water.
  • There is more water in the atmosphere than in all our rivers combined.
  • If all the water vapor in the Earth’s atmosphere were to fall as water all at once, it would cover the globe with one inch of water – an inch of water covering one acre weighs 113 tons.

Facts About Water Around the World

water spring in the mountains

  • 663 million people in the world do not have access to an improved water source and 2.4 billion people do not have an improved sanitation facility.
  • Almost 2 billion people drink water contaminated with feces.
  • The World Health Organization recommends a minimum of 2 gallons per person on a daily basis to cover the lowest requirements and 5 gallons to cover basic hygiene and food hygiene.
  • On average, a European resident uses 50 gallons of water per day while a sub-Saharan African uses 2 to 5 gallons.
  • A child dies from a water-related disease every 90 seconds. In third world countries, diarrhea is the 3rd leading cause of child death.
  • Due to lack of safe water and sanitation, $260 billion is lost globally each year.
  • Universal access to safe water and sanitation would bring significant economic benefits such as $32 billion from reductions in health care.
  • Because of lack of proper sanitation facilities, over 1 billion people practice open defecation every day.
  • According to the United Nations, two third of the world population might face water scarcity by 2025.

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Facts About Water in the U.S

hands with clean water

  • An American resident uses 100 gallons of water on average per day. Flushing the toilet takes up the most of this amount. In one year, an American residence uses 100,000 gallons per total.
  • The United States uses over 300,000 gallons of fresh water every day.
  • 80% of the water in the United States is used for irrigation and thermoelectric power.
  • The United States draws more than 40 billion gallons of water from its Great Lakes every day.
  • American citizens drink 1 billion glasses of tap water per day.
  • Water leaks from utility pipes amount for 1 in 6 gallons of water before it reaches American households
  • Three-quarters of American citizens live within 10 miles of polluted water.
  • Agriculture in the United States takes up 40% of freshwater withdrawals.
  • If U.S citizens would use one less gallon of water per shower, 85 billion gallons of water could be saved per year.
  • Taking a bath uses 70 gallons of water while a 5-minute shower uses 10 to 25 gallons.
  • In the state of Washington, glaciers provide 470 billion gallons of water each summer.
  • According to the National Geographic Society, U.S groundwater reserves contain 33,000 trillion gallons. Currently, the U.S uses 27 trillion gallons of groundwater per year.
  • More than one-quarter of bottled water comes from a municipal water supply, making it as pure as regular tap water.

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Final Words

The United Nation’s Water initiative is something we should all get behind. At the writing of this article, World Water Day 2017 has passed. However, the International Water Associations has already launched a call for papers to bring people together for the 2018 event.

It’s important to remember how precious access to fresh water is in today’s world. As demands grow, we might find out just how finite our water resources can be. We need to become mindful of how much we waste and try to reduce our impact on this vital substance. UN’s Sustainable Development Goals include ensuring safe water access to everyone by 2030. We hope these interesting facts about water inspired you to take action and aid in this global effort.

Image source: DepositPhotos – 1 and 2 and 3

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William E. Eubanks
 

I'm one of the main writers on the site; mostly dealing with environmental news and ways to live green. My goal is to educate others about this great planet, and the ways we can help to protect it.

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