Poor Air Quality in China and India Threatens People Health

Air pollution continues to affect India and China where poor air pollution affects the population. The Pollution Control Board has officially announced that the air quality in Delhi for the next few days will continue to remain poor, staying above the count of 350. Air pollution is the result of human-made global warming, affecting the entire planet.

One of the most powerful factors that contribute to climate change is greenhouse gas emissions. They are responsible for trapping the heat, increasing the global average temperatures. Hence, the toxic gases like methane and carbon dioxide remain in the atmosphere, and the air is unbreathable.

In the following days, the poor air quality in Delhi will become even worse. The meteorological department forecast announces that winds from the East, coming from Uttar Pradesh will charge the air with moisture and fog. This phenomenon will start on October 29, affecting the city’s air. A. Sushakar is the Central Pollution Control Board member secretary. He indicates that winds that come from the south-east, east and north-east will affect the air in Delhi, bringing a lot of moisture.

The burning of fossil fuels causes poor air quality

Furthermore, the dissipation of pollutants will occur during the day, somewhere between 11-5. Pollutants like road dust, vehicular emission and smoke from garbage incineration and many other sources affect the quality of the air. Due to the amounts of chemicals and dust, the sky is hazy. Specialists predict that it is likely to remain polluted for the next 3 to 4 days.

On October 26, Delhi registered a poor air quality of 344. However, the worst air quality in the country was registered in Ghaziabad. There, specialists registered severe levels of air pollution reaching 425. Furthermore, the research indicates that Noida registered 363, Gurgaon 318 and Bhiwadi 397. The results show that all these cities displayed very poor levels when it comes to air quality.

The official of CPCB indicates that the air quality in Delhi for the next few days will stay above 350. Nevertheless, this does not mean that the pollution levels will not continue to affect the population. The CPCB official indicates that the impact of stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana is not as damaging as it was in the previous years. This is due to the fact that the westerly winds will not affect the atmosphere of the city. Hence, it will prevent the entry of stubble-burning residues in the air.

Nevertheless, due to the moisture, the levels of air pollution will worsen, while the air will turn unbreathable. Apparently, this is only the beginning since the weather conditions seem to be similar to the ones in the post-Diwali period. Then, moisture, easterly winds and the process of burning firecrackers combined and the level of air pollution were outrageous. Even if firecrackers were banned, some citizens managed to purchase some. Hence, the air quality of the city was nosedive.

Three Chinese people wearing breathing masks

China is the second country in the world after India that registered 1.8 million air pollution deaths in 2015.

After Diwali, the air was heavily polluted in Delhi

The day after Diwali, the air quality index of Delhi indicated 403. However, this level of air pollution was not as severe as the one registered during 2016’s Diwali. Last year, the index showed 445. Furthermore, back in 2015, the value of AQI was of 360. In the meantime, the Supreme Court-mandated Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority established a set of measures.

They enforced the measures under the categories ‘severe’ and ‘very poor’ of the Graded Response Action Plan. Furthermore, they have also decided to include a ban on diesel generator sets.

Unfortunately, air pollution in India is so severe that this country reached to top the world when it comes to pollution-related deaths. The recent report developed by the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health indicates that in India 2.5 million people died due to air pollution in 2015. The global number of pollution-related deaths is 9 million.

The report also indicates that the second country on the list would be China. In this country, 1.8 million people died because of air pollution back in 2015. This new report shows that at a global level, air pollution accounts for twice the number of deaths related to malaria, AIDS, and tuberculosis combined. Maybe this terrifying result will help the whole planet realize how serious the pollution problem is.

The high levels of air pollution cause millions of deaths

All these results should raise awareness among policymakers and environmentalists who should boost their efforts of developing new measures to stop the accumulation of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The pollution that causes so many deaths is the product of humans’ deeds. We are responsible for polluting the atmosphere due to the continuous use of fossil fuels that emit huge amounts of CO2.

Most of the air pollution-related deaths appeared because of non-communicable diseases like a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart disease, lung cancer and respiratory tract diseases. Some of the major contributors to air pollution are heavy industries powered by fossil fuels, auto emissions as well as the burning of agricultural land. All the smoke and smog produced during or after these processes severely affects the quality of the air.

The new study suggests that approximately 92% of all the deaths linked to pollution generally occur in developing countries. Furthermore, the results also show that kids are the ones who suffer the most, being threatened by the highest risks. Even limited exposures to air pollution can impair a child’s state of health. The harmful exposure to chemicals can trigger disability, premature death, diminished earning and learning potential, and lifelong diseases.

The WHO indicates that the PM2.5 should not be higher than 25 micrograms per cubic meter over a year. Nevertheless, in cities like Beijing and Delhi, the PM2.5 levels may even reach 1,000 in some days. This level of air pollution is so high that is off the charts of some monitoring devices.

Summing up

The incredibly high level of air pollution in China and India affects millions of people every year, causing terrible deaths. The concentration of toxins from traffic jams and power plants is very dangerous. The sky gets hazy, the air is unbreathable, and humidity and smog are unbearable. Policymakers need to implement new measure related to air pollution to reduce the chemicals in the atmosphere and stop all the pollution-related deaths.

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William E. Eubanks
 

I'm one of the main writers on the site; mostly dealing with environmental news and ways to live green. My goal is to educate others about this great planet, and the ways we can help to protect it.

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