Pros and Cons of Green Technology: The Cost of a Green Revolution

Green technology is known by many names, including clean technology, environmental technology, and even greentech. But what exactly does it mean and what are some of the pros and cons that we must be aware of?

Defining the Term

Green technology is the application of green chemistry, environmental monitoring, environmental science, and different technological processes that are all directed toward environmental protection.

This term also describes sustainable energy production technologies – including wind turbines, photovoltaics, solar panels, bioreactors, recycling, autonomous vehicles, etc. Greentech may also be related to electronic devices that encourage the management of sustainable resources.

green world and roads

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Eco-friendly Technology Applications

Different fields have started applying green technology, but these are some of the most important ones:

  • Recycling – greentech has helped shape new processes in solid waste management, wastewater treatments, as well as waste incineration technology.
  • Renewable energy technology – environmental technology promoted energy production from alternative natural resources, including the sun, water, wood, and wind.
  • Air purification – it refers the cultivation of more plants that will ensure the removal of CO2 and air freshness.
  • Water purification – water purification technologies have been implemented in addition to hundreds of environmental campaigns that purify water around the world and make it drinkable. Sewage treatment is a sub-category of this greentech application.
  • Environmental remediation – green technology aims to remove contaminants or pollutants for environmental protection.
  • Energy conservation – the promotion of electrical devices that use less energy to function. This leads to the overall decrease of electricity consumption, which in turn causes less strain on fossil fuel deposits.

PROS: Green Technology

There are undoubtedly many advantages of using green technology to preserve the environment, but let us look at some of the most important ones:

  1. Environmental technology uses latest generation of green techniques. For instance, green nanotechnology – which is a fairly new field in green technologies – uses the latest green chemistry and green engineering techniques.
  2. It uses renewable and sustainable resources that we could never run out of. Therefore, future generations will be able to benefit from them too, without causing permanent damage to the planet.
  3. Green technology offers eco-friendly solutions for waste disposal and recycling. Basically, it adapts waste production so it doesn’t harm our environment.
  4. It uses various innovative process and techniques to create many green products.
  5. It has no adverse effect on our planet since green technology encourages the sustainable production of energy.

As far as information technologies goes, clean tech creates devices that promote the use of less energy while also saving the environment. It is worth mentioning some of the better well-known IT applications, such as the hybrid and electric cars; solar panels; smartphones or smartphone-car tech; Green Start-rated computers and tablets; and cloud computing.

CONS: Green Technology

As with most of the issues and solutions we face, there are some cons to using green technologies. Let’s see what might sway us from wanting to start leading a green lifestyle.

1. High costs. Even though many practices associated with going green are supposed to save you money, green living can also become really expensive really quick. Keep in mind that green technology is often associated with much higher costs than the traditional way.

For instance, you can save loads of many by using solar panels; however, installing them on your roof can cost thousands of dollars. Similarly, energy-efficient appliances do indeed use less electricity and water, but their price tag is often high.

2. Green technology is time-consuming. Know that adopting a green lifestyle – fully committing to it – will take up a lot of your time. Making your own cleaning or beauty products, for example, will take longer than a trip to the store. Shopping for organic foods is not feasible for everyone, especially if there are no farmer’s markets or natural foods store in your area.

3. Environmental effects. Surprising or not, going green can also have a negative impact on the environment. For example, developing alternative fuels has the potential of reducing reliance on non-renewable natural resources. However, some of these alternative fuels (such as E85), do not reduce the toxic emissions. In fact, they unintentionally cause the opposite effect, as they release more ozone into the atmosphere than traditional fuel.

The Historical Green Revolution

Traditionally, the term “Green Revolution” refers to a series of initiatives in research, development, and technology transfer that took place between the 1940s and the late 1960s. These efforts led to increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in developing countries.

The “Father of the Green Revolution,” Norman Borlaug, is the man who started the green revolution, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. He is also recognized for saving over a billion people from starvation, thanks to his involvement in development of many green technologies.

Some of them are: high-yielding cereal grains; modernization of management techniques; development of irrigation infrastructure; and distribution of hybridized seeds and pesticides to farmers. All of these technological improvements led to a great increase of global food production.

historical Green Revolution

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Green Revolution Now

Green revolution is still happening, even though it affects us in different ways than back in the 1960s. The electric car industry, for example, is gradually blooming, allowing us to rely on alternative fuels for our transportation.

It’s also worth mentioning that renewable sources of energy are becoming of more interest in the U.S. with each passing year. In 2015, for example, renewable energy sources already accounted for about 10 percent of total U.S. energy consumption and 13 percent of electricity generation. The interest in green living will grow even more over the next decade.


Green technology can and will help us preserve our natural resources for future generations. The question is: What will you do to make sure you live as green as you can? If you have any other questions regarding green technology and the green revolution, feel free to ask us in the comments below.

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Green and Growing Team
 

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