Summer Tips on Avoiding Dehydration, Mosquito Bites, and Sun Damage
Of all the months of the year, July is the hottest. It’s a living nightmare particularly if you live in a region where whopping temperatures and stifling humidity is the norm. And with killer heatwaves comes the increased risk of becoming dehydrated and experiencing heat exhaustion. Dehydration can lead to heatstroke, which is just one of the dangerous afflictions that can hit you this season. Today we want to give you some summer tips on how to stay hydrated and away from mosquito bites.
As with other health related issues, prevention is key. Here are the tell-tale signs of dehydration and some basic prevention tips to keep you and your family safe during the hot season.
1. Know the Signs
Dehydration usually comes with very dry lips and tongue. You may also feel tired or weak and even experience muscle cramps. The early signs of dehydration also include pale skin and dizziness. Meanwhile, experts say that heat exhaustion is usually the diagnosis for patients who are very weak, tired, thirsty and sweating a lot. Other symptoms may include nausea, headaches, and vomiting.
If left untreated, heat exhaustion may lead to heatstroke. Late signs that may indicate you’re seriously ill include confusion and severe headaches. Also, you will stop sweating – or sweat significantly less – and you’ll experience a high body temperature (104 degrees).
2. Prevention Methods
Evidently, water is the uncontested champion when it comes to keeping heat-related issues at bay. You should drink about 7 to 9 glasses of water daily, not just in the summer, but on a regular basis. If you’re performing demanding fitness activities, you might want to double the amount. Even though electrolyte supplements such as Gatorade may keep you hydrated, you should also watch your sugar intake. But summer tips involve more than just preventive actions, as you’ll see below.
3. What to Avoid?
Alcoholic or caffeinated drinks are the dehydration’s best friends. Make sure you stay away from them on particularly hot days. Meanwhile, fruit juices may also be bad for you – and your kids, especially if they have high sugar content. Water is your best bet. Because kids tend to pay less attention to how much water they drink, parents should assume the responsibility of keeping them hydrated.
Attire is also crucial, no matter the age. Avoid tight garments that don’t allow the skin to breathe. Instead, wear loose, cotton clothing in lighter colors to deter the heat. Last but not least, avoid the sunlight. It’s common sense, but you should seek the shade, especially when the sun is high. Take frequent breaks from any prolonged activities and try to spend your days in AC settings.
If you start experiencing signs of dehydration or heat exhaustion, move to an environment with a cooler temperature and drink a glass of cool water. These easy steps will help you avert the life-threatening scenario of a heatstroke. Following such basic summer tips will help anyone stay safe. When temperatures are not spiking, don’t be afraid to go to the pool or at the beach. Activity is important – walking and getting fresh air. Just use common sense and stay safe.
Avoiding Mosquito Bites
Protecting yourself and your family from these annoying pests is easy. All it takes is following a simple set of precautions, some of which you will find below. You can also check out the additional information available on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. They can also inform you on the dangers of the various viruses the mosquitoes carry.
- Try to stay indoors when mosquitoes are most active, mainly at dawn and dusk.
- When weather permits it, wear long sleeves and pants outdoors.
- Use Deet products to repel the insects when going into areas with high chances of bites. Make your own mosquito repellent if you want to stay away from Deet.
- When it rains, the water may collect in various items, such as flowerpots, cans, buckets, tires, or ground depressions. Make sure you drain these sources, because they are prime breeding areas for mosquitoes.
Avoiding Sun Damage
Yesterday, June 27, was National Sunglasses Day – which makes for a perfect timing given that the sun is the brightest this time of year. We all need extra eye protection. According to the Vision Council, 41.5 percent of Americans falsely believe darker lenses will protect their eyes better. In reality, dark lenses can actually make matters worse because they cause the eye’s pupil to dilate. In turn, this boosts retinal exposure to unfiltered UV light.
Other statistics include the fact that some 75 percent of Americans are worried about UV eye exposure, but only 31 percent of them put their sunglasses on every time they head outside. Here are some summer tips you should follow in order to keep your eyes protected all throughout the hot season.
Summer Tips for Proper Sunglasses
- The larger, the better. Loud and large is the order of the day in terms of frames for sunglasses. Both men and women should protect their eyesight by covering as much of their face with proper sunglasses. As for colors, don’t be afraid to branch out a little. Traditional browns and gray lenses are great, but also experiment with coppers, greens, blues, or even reflective mirrors.
- Out with the flat, in with the mirrored. Silver mirrored lenses are most popular this year, but many will also opt for blue and golden options. Meanwhile, flat lens – or zero base lens – which were very popular last year, have terrible optics. Not only are they sacrificing your vision’s quality, but they also minimize the sun protection provided by a standard curved lens.
- Splurge a little. Not all sunglasses are created equal. At least not when it comes to the sun protection they provide. Cheap, off-the-rack pairs may be cute, but most of them fail to offer the necessary UV protection. In terms of frames, look for sunglasses that further protect the surrounding skin from sun damage. For instance, the aviator frames are fashionable, but they allow too much light to reach your eyes from the sides. Even though they are a bit more expensive, high-quality sunglasses will maximize sun protection when you spend time outdoors.
Header Image: nationalgeographic.com